Research Progress Related to Spinal Stenosis
NIAMS and other federal agencies are supporting several research projects related to spinal stenosis. For example:
- NIAMS-supported researchers have published results from the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT), the largest trial to date comparing surgical and nonsurgical interventions for the treatment of low back and associated leg pain caused by spinal stenosis. The study found that for people with spinal stenosis, surgical treatment was more effective than nonsurgical treatment in relieving symptoms and improving function. However, the functional status of people who received nonsurgical therapies also improved somewhat during the study.
- SPORT researchers have developed web-based tools that allow patients with low back disorders to apply the best clinical evidence to their individual circumstances and make more informed treatment choices about back surgery. A strong collaboration of researchers will develop, validate, and evaluate novel methods for disseminating individualized risk and benefit information.
- Researchers studied the effectiveness of spinal epidural treatments using numbing medications, with and without corticosteroids. The Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injections for Spinal Stenosis (LESS) trial showed treatments that use both numbing medications and corticosteroids only provided a small amount of benefit over epidural treatments that just used numbing medications.
- Researchers are working to identify optimal approaches for the prevention and early treatment of the many conditions linked to spinal stenosis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and Paget’s disease.
- The NIH Back Pain Research Consortium (BACPAC) is a patient-centered research initiative to improve understanding of chronic low back pain and generate new tools for better targeting of existing and new therapies.
For more info
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH Neurological Institute
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
American College of Rheumatology
North American Spine Society
Spondylitis Association of America
National Spine Health Foundation
If you need more information about available resources in your language or other languages, please visit our webpages below or contact the NIAMS Information Clearinghouse at NIAMSInfo@mail.nih.gov. You can also find a variety of information from organizations that are NIAMS Coalition Members.