Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. It can range from a dull, constant ache to sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move.

Bursitis

What is bursitis? It is a common condition that causes swelling and pain around muscles and bones.

Fibromyalgia

Doctors don't yet know the exact causes of Fibromyalgia. Find out more about this muscle-pain & fatigue causing chronic disorder.

Fibrous Dysplasia

What is fibrous dysplasia? It happens when healthy bone is replaced with other types of tissue. Bones may become weak or oddly shaped, or they may even break.

Growth Plate Injuries

Injuries to the growth plate happen when a break or fracture develops near or at the end of a long bone.

Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a hip joint and replaces them with new, artificial parts.

Marfan Syndrome

What is Marfan syndrome? It is a disorder that affects connective tissue, which supports many parts of your body. Marfan syndrome is often a genetic disease.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disease, also called brittle bone disease, that causes bones to be weak and break easily.

Osteonecrosis

What is osteonecrosis? Osteonecrosis is a bone disease in which the bone begins to die and collapse. Find out the symptoms and goals of treatment.

Osteopetrosis

What is osteopetrosis? It is a rare disorder that causes bones to grow abnormally and become too dense. When this happens, bones can break easily.

Osteoporosis

What is osteoporosis? It is a disease in which your bones become weak and are more likely to break. There are no symptoms until a bone breaks.

Paget’s Disease of Bone

What is Paget’s disease? It is a disorder that causes bones to grow too large and weaken. You can have Paget’s disease in any bones in your body.

Scoliosis in Children and Teens

What is scoliosis? It is a disorder causing a sideways curve of the spine. Curves are often S- or C-shaped. In most people, there is no known cause for this curve.

Spinal Stenosis

What is spinal stenosis? It is the narrowing of the spine. This narrowing puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves and can cause pain.

Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising. There are two kinds of sports injuries: acute and chronic.

Sports Injuries in Youth: A Guide for Parents

Parents learn about common sports injuries among youth and the ways to prevent such injuries from happening.

Sprains and Strains

A sprain is an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects bones). A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon (cords of tissue connecting muscle to bone).

Tendinitis

What is tendinitis? It is swelling and pain in a joint usually caused by repeated injuries to a tendon, the part of the joint that connects muscles to bones.

Selected Research Areas

Clinical and Investigative Orthopedics Surgery Unit

Led by Dr. Timothy Bhattacharyya, the unit investigates orthopedic conditions, including femur fractures and hip infections, and related treatments.

Laboratory of Muscle Stem Cells and Gene Regulation

Led by Dr. Vittorio Sartorelli, the lab studies mechanisms that regulate specification, differentiation, and regeneration of skeletal muscle cells.

Muscle and Bone Disease News

Announcement | November 15, 2019

NIAMS and NIA Outline Next Steps Following Osteoporosis Pathways to Prevention Federal Partners’ Meeting

In October 2018, the National Institutes of Health convened a Pathways to Prevention (P2P) workshop on the

Spotlight on Research | August 23, 2016

New Insights About Excess Bone Formation in Rare Disease Lead to Potential Drug Treatments

Two recent studies on a rare genetic disorder that causes excess bone to form have greatly contributed to our understanding of how the disease progresses, and have identified promising treatment options. The studies, funded in part by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), were conducted in mice and published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
Spotlight on Research | March 1, 2016

Dog with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Escapes the Disease, Spurring Interest in Potential New Treatment Approach

A golden retriever carrying the gene mutation for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) unexpectedly remained healthy for life, sparking interest in a new avenue of investigation into DMD treatment. The study, which was published in the journal Cell and supported in part by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), revealed that a gene not known to be linked to DMD may hold promise for counteracting the effects of the muscle wasting disease.
Last Updated: December 2020