AcneWhat is acne? It is caused when blocked skin follicles from a plug caused by oil from glands, bacteria, and dead cells clump together and swell.
Alopecia AreataWhat is alopecia areata? It is a condition that attacks your hair follicles (they make hair). In most cases, hair falls out in small, round patches.
Atopic DermatitisWhat is atopic dermatitis? It is a skin disease causing much itchiness. Scratching leads to redness, swelling, cracking, weeping clear fluid, crusting, and scaling.
Epidermolysis BullosaWhat is epidermolysis bullosa? It is a group of diseases causing painful blisters to form on the skin. These blisters can cause problems if they become infected.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)Hidradenitis suppurativa (also known as acne inversa) is a chronic, noncontagious, inflammatory condition characterized by pimple-like bumps or boils and tunnels or tracts on and under the skin.
IchthyosisWhat is ichthyosis? It is a disorder that causes dry, thickened skin that may look similar to fish scales.
Pachyonychia CongenitaWhat is pachyonychia congenita? It is a rare disorder causing thick nails and painful calluses on the bottoms of the feet and other symptoms.
PemphigusWhat is pemphigus? It is a disease where the immune system attacks healthy cells in the top layer of skin, resulting in blisters.
PsoriasisPsoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, scaly skin that may feel painful, swollen, or hot. Learn more about the types and what causes psoriasis.
Raynaud’s PhenomenonWhat is Raynaud’s phenomenon? It is a disease that affects blood vessels. It causes your body to not send enough blood to the hands and feet for a period of time.
RosaceaWhat is rosacea? It is a long-term disease that causes reddened skin and pimples, usually on the face. It can also make the skin thicker and cause eye problems.
SclerodermaScleroderma causes patches of tight, hard skin, but can also harm your blood vessels and organs. Learn the causes and treatments of this skin disease.
VitiligoVitiligo is a disorder that causes patches of skin to become white. It happens because cells that make color in your skin are destroyed.
Selected Research Areas
Cutaneous Development and Carcinogenesis SectionLed by Dr. Isaac Brownell, the Cutaneous Development and Carcinogenesis Section studies the signaling pathways such as Hedgehog signaling that regulate the development and maintenance of normal skin and the changes in these signals that occur during the formation of skin cancer
Dermatology BranchThe Dermatology Branch conducts both clinical and basic research studying the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of inflammatory and malignant diseases involving the skin and the host's response to these diseases.
Laboratory of Skin BiologyLed by Dr. Maria I. Morasso, the lab studies processes of epidermal differentiation, skin barrier formation and wound healing.
Skin Disease News
Press Release | June 1, 2023
NIH scientists find treatment for rare genetic skin disorder
Researchers at the NIH and their colleagues have identified genomic variants that cause a rare and severe inflammatory skin disorder, known as disabling pansclerotic morphea, and have found a potential treatment.
Spotlight on Research | May 25, 2023
NIH Researchers Survey the Genetic Diversity of Skin Microbes in Eczema Patients
Using a combination of sequencing techniques, researchers from NIAMS and the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) surveyed the skin microbiome of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD, also called eczema) to understand the genetic diversity of the bacteria present on the skin and how genetic variants may contribute to disease severity.
Spotlight on Research | May 25, 2022
Discussing Bone, Muscle, Skin, & Autoimmune Diseases: Info for American Indians, Alaska Natives - audio
A conversation between Dr. David R. Wilson, director of the NIH Tribal Health Research Office, and Dr. Lindsey A. Criswell, director of NIAMS, about information and resources for American Indians and Alaska Natives related to bone, muscle, skin, and autoimmune diseases.
Spotlight on Research | December 13, 2021
Researchers identify cellular pathway that regulates inflammatory hair loss
NIH researchers reveal new insights about the relationship between hair and hair follicles and the skin’s immune system.