Is there a test for osteogenesis imperfecta?
To figure out if you have OI, doctors may:
- Ask about family and medical history.
- Do a physical exam.
- Order x-rays, other tests to check your bones, or blood tests.
How is osteogenesis imperfecta treated?
There is no cure for OI. The goals of treatment are to:
- Prevent or control symptoms.
- Increase bone mass (density) and muscle strength.
- Help you to be independent.
These treatments include:
- Physical or occupational therapy.
- Bone care, such as a cast or brace.
- Surgery to correct bones.
- Walkers, crutches, or wheelchairs to help you move around.
- Dental care if your teeth are affected by OI.
- Hearing aids and other types of ear care.
Who treats osteogenesis imperfecta?
Many different doctors and health care providers may treat OI, including:
- Primary care physicians, who diagnose and treat adults.
- Pediatricians, who diagnose and treat children.
- Clinical geneticists, who diagnose and treat children and adults with genetic disorders.
- Orthopaedists, who treat and perform surgery for bone and joint diseases.
- Occupational therapists, who teach how to safely perform daily activities.
- Physical therapists, who teach ways to build muscle strength, recover from broken bones, and prevent broken bones.
- Dental providers such as orthodontists and surgeons.
Living with osteogenesis imperfecta
If you have a OI, you can do some things to help you stay healthy and prevent broken bones, such as:
- Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Exercise as much as your doctor recommends. Swimming and water therapy are common choices for people with OI.
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Don’t smoke, and avoid secondhand smoke.
- Do not drink a lot of alcohol or caffeine.
- Talk to a health care professional if you feel depressed or anxious about OI and its symptoms.