Is there a test for osteogenesis imperfecta?

To figure out if you have OI, doctors may:

  • Ask about family and medical history.
  • Do a physical exam.
  • Order x-rays, other tests to check your bones, or blood tests.

How is osteogenesis imperfecta treated?

There is no cure for OI. The goals of treatment are to:

  • Prevent or control symptoms.
  • Increase bone mass (density) and muscle strength.
  • Help you to be independent.

These treatments include:

  • Physical or occupational therapy.
  • Medicines.
  • Bone care, such as a cast or brace.
  • Surgery to correct bones.
  • Walkers, crutches, or wheelchairs to help you move around.
  • Dental care if your teeth are affected by OI.
  • Hearing aids and other types of ear care.

Who treats osteogenesis imperfecta?

Many different doctors and health care providers may treat OI, including:

  • Primary care physicians, who diagnose and treat adults.
  • Pediatricians, who diagnose and treat children.
  • Clinical geneticists, who diagnose and treat children and adults with genetic disorders.
  • Orthopaedists, who treat and perform surgery for bone and joint diseases.
  • Occupational therapists, who teach how to safely perform daily activities.
  • Physical therapists, who teach ways to build muscle strength, recover from broken bones, and prevent broken bones.
  • Dental providers such as orthodontists and surgeons.

Living with osteogenesis imperfecta

If you have a OI, you can do some things to help you stay healthy and prevent broken bones, such as:

  • Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Exercise as much as your doctor recommends. Swimming and water therapy are common choices for people with OI.
  • Keep a healthy weight.
  • Don’t smoke, and avoid secondhand smoke.
  • Do not drink a lot of alcohol or caffeine.
  • Talk to a health care professional if you feel depressed or anxious about OI and its symptoms.