The intent of these PARs is to fund applications that require an accelerated peer review and award process in order to take advantage of and leverage the parent study. If the proposed research does not need to be concurrent with the parent project, or if the investigators could complete the same work using the standard application process, it will be considered non-responsive to this PAR.
All applications MUST include a paragraph titled "Time-Sensitivity Justification" under the Approach section that justifies the time-sensitive nature of the ancillary study, and clearly explains why an expedited review and award process is essential to its feasibility. Additionally, applications must include a timeline demonstrating that the parent study has adequate time left to carry out the proposed ancillary study.
Examples of characteristics that do support the case for time-sensitivity:
- The need for support to collect samples or data prior to the end of recruitment of the parent grant, so that these can be used for immediate or comparative analysis
- The need to analyze soon-to-be-collected fresh specimens
- The need to collect post-intervention data from research participants in a trial that is ending.
Examples of characteristics that do not support the case for time-sensitivity:
- Secondary analyses of existing datasets
- Utilization of collected data or preserved samples from either ongoing or already finished parent projects for later analysis.
- Sample or data collection that is already part of the parent study.