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Polimialgia reumática y arteritis de células gigantes

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/polymyalgia-rheumatica-giant-cell-arteritis

¿Qué son la polimialgia reumática y la arteritis de células gigantes? La polimialgia reumática y la arteritis de células gigantes son trastornos inflamatorios estrechamente relacionados. Algunas personas tienen uno de los trastornos, mientras que otras desarrollan ambos. La polimialgia reumática causa dolor muscular y rigidez en los hombros, la parte superior de los brazos, el área de la cadera y, a veces, en el cuello. La arteritis de células gigantes provoca inflamación de las arterias, especialmente las que se encuentran a cada lado de la cabeza, el cuero cabelludo y la aorta (la arteria grande que transporta la sangre desde

Alopecia areata

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/alopecia-areata

¿Qué es la alopecia areata? La alopecia areata es una enfermedad que provoca la caída del pelo. En la alopecia areata, el sistema inmunitario ataca los folículos pilosos (las estructuras de la piel que forman el pelo). Por lo general, la alopecia areata afecta la cabeza y la cara, aunque se puede perder el pelo en cualquier parte del cuerpo. En la mayoría de los casos, el pelo se cae en parches pequeños y redondos del tamaño de una moneda estadounidense de 25 centavos. En algunos casos, la caída del pelo es más extensa.

Alopecia Areata

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/alopecia-areata

What is alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is a disease that causes hair loss. In alopecia areata, the immune system attacks the structures in skin that form hair (hair follicles). Alopecia areata usually affects the head and face, though hair can be lost from any part of the body. Hair typically falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter. In some cases, hair loss is more extensive.

Scoliosis in Children and Teens

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/scoliosis

What is scoliosis? Scoliosis is a sideways curve of the spine. Children and teens with scoliosis have an abnormal S-shaped or C-shaped curve of the spine. The curve can happen on either side of the spine and in different places in the spine. With treatment, observation, and follow-up with the doctor, most children and teens with scoliosis have normal, active lives.

Spinal Stenosis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/spinal-stenosis

What is spinal stenosis? Spinal stenosis happens when the spaces in the spine narrow and create pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that comes out of the base of the brain and runs down the center of the spine. The nerve roots branch out from the cord. In spinal stenosis, the narrowing usually occurs over time.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/polymyalgia-rheumatica-giant-cell-arteritis

What are polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis? Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are closely linked inflammatory disorders. Some people have one of the disorders while others develop both of them. Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, upper arms, hip area, and sometimes the neck. Giant cell arteritis causes inflammation of arteries, especially those on each side of the head, scalp, and the aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the heart) and its main branches. The main symptoms of this disorder are: Headaches. Scalp tenderness. Jaw pain. Problems with your eyes, which may