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여드름 건강 토픽 (Acne)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/acne

여드름은 피부 아래에 있는 모공이 막힐 때 생기는 흔한 피부 질환입니다. 유분과 각질이 모공을 막으면서, 병변(흔히 여드름이라고 함)이 생길 수 있습니다. 가장 흔히, 얼굴에 생기지만, 등이나 가슴, 어깨에도 나타날 수 있습니다. 사람들의 경우, 여드름은 30대가 되는 시기가 되면 사라지는 경향이 있습니다. 그러나, 40대와 50대에서 일부 사람들에게는 이러한 피부 문제가 계속됩니다.

건강 토픽: 류마티스 관절염 (Rheumatoid Arthritis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rheumatoid-arthritis

류마티스 관절염은 무엇인가요? 류마티스 관절염은 손목, 손, 발, 무릎, 척추 그리고 턱 등 관절에 주로 영향을 미치는 만성(지속성) 질환입니다. 류마티스 관절염은 다음과 같은 증상으로 이어지는 염증을 관절에 일으킵니다. 통증. 부기. 뻣뻣함. 기능 상실. 류마티스 관절염은 면역체계가 건강한 관절 조직을 공격하기 때문에 자가면역질환입니다. 보통, 면역체계는 감염과 질환으로부터 인체를 보호하는 데 도움을 줍니다. 류마티스 관절염은 평소와 달리 피로감을 느끼고, 이따금 열이 나며, 식욕을 상실하는 원인이 될 수 있습니다. 또한 심장, 폐, 혈액, 신경, 눈 그리고 피부에 다른 의학적 문제를 일으킬 수 있습니다. 치료를 통해 이 질환을 가진 사람들은 생산적인 생활을 영위하는 데 도움을 받을 수 있습니다.

Acne

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/acne

What is acne? Acne is a common skin condition that happens when hair follicles under the skin become clogged. Oil and dead skin cells plug the pores, and outbreaks of lesions (often called pimples or zits) can happen. Most often, the outbreaks occur on the face but can also appear on the back, chest, and shoulders. For most people, acne tends to go away by the time they reach their thirties, but some people in their forties and fifties continue to have this skin problem.

Pachyonychia Congenita

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/pachyonychia-congenita

What is pachyonychia congenita? Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a very rare genetic disorder that affects the skin and nails. Most people have thickened nails and calluses on the bottom of the feet. Painful calluses on the soles can make walking difficult. Because of the pain, some people rely on a cane, crutches, or a wheelchair to help with walking.

Paget’s Disease of Bone

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/pagets-disease-bone

What is Paget’s disease? Paget’s disease of bone is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes bones to grow larger and become weaker than normal. Usually only one or a few bones have the disease. Many people with Paget’s disease do not have symptoms. However, the bone changes can cause: Bone pain. Misshapen bones. Broken bones (fractures). Problems in the joints near the bones with the disease. With treatment, many people can: Manage their symptoms. Improve pain. Control the effects of the disease.

Reactive Arthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/reactive-arthritis

What is reactive arthritis? Reactive arthritis happens when an infection causes joint pain and swelling. A bacterial infection in the digestive or urinary tract or the genitals usually triggers the condition, but arthritis symptoms typically do not start until a few weeks after you have recovered from the infection. The most common features of reactive arthritis are inflammation of the joints (especially the knees and ankles), eyes, and urinary tract, but not everyone gets all three, or they might not happen at the same time.

Raynaud’s Phenomenon

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/raynauds-phenomenon

What is Raynaud’s phenomenon? Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition that causes the blood vessels in the hands and feet to narrow, decreasing blood flow. When this happens, parts of the body—usually the fingers and toes—become cold and numb, and change color (usually, to white or blue). An attack usually happens from exposure to cold or stress.

Fibromyalgia

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/fibromyalgia

What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting disorder that causes pain and tenderness throughout the body. It also can cause you to feel overly tired (fatigue) and have trouble sleeping. Doctors do not fully understand what causes fibromyalgia, but people with the disorder are more sensitive to pain.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rheumatoid-arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that mostly affects joints, such as the wrist, hands, feet, spine, knees, and jaw. In joints, RA causes inflammation that leads to: Pain. Swelling Stiffness. Loss of function. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder because the immune system attacks the healthy joint tissues. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body from infection and disease. RA may cause you to feel unusually tired, to have occasional fevers, and to have a loss of appetite. It also may cause other medical problems in the heart, lungs, blood, nerves, eyes

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/polymyalgia-rheumatica-giant-cell-arteritis

What are polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis? Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are closely linked inflammatory disorders. Some people have one of the disorders while others develop both of them. Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, upper arms, hip area, and sometimes the neck. Giant cell arteritis causes inflammation of arteries, especially those on each side of the head, scalp, and the aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the heart) and its main branches. The main symptoms of this disorder are: Headaches. Scalp tenderness. Jaw pain. Problems with your eyes, which may