통풍이란 무엇인가요? 통풍은 관절에 통증과 부종을 일으키는 일종의 관절염이며 보통, 1주 또는 2주 동안 지속하다가 사라지는 발작입니다. 통풍 발작은 흔히 엄지발가락이나 하지에서 시작합니다. 통풍은 혈청 요산염으로 불리는 높은 수치의 물질이 몸안에 축적될 때 일어납니다. 이런 일이 일어나면 바늘 모양의 결정체들이 관절 내부와 주위에 형성됩니다. 이것은 관절의 염증과 관절염을 초래합니다. 그러나 혈청 요산염 수치가 높은 대부분 사람들은 통풍이 생기지 않습니다. 조기 진단, 치료, 그리고 생활양식의 변화를 통해, 통풍은 가장 관리가 가능한 형태의 관절염 중 하나입니다.
전신 홍반성 루푸스(루푸스)란 무엇인가요? 전신 홍반성 루푸스(루푸스)는 다음과 같은 부위를 포함하여 몸의 여러 부분을 침범할 수 있는 만성(지속성) 자가면역 질환입니다. 피부. 관절. 심장. 폐. 신장. 뇌. 루푸스는 감염과 질환으로부터 몸을 보호하는 데 도움이 되는 면역체계가 자신의 조직을 공격할 때 일어납니다. 경우에 따라서, 이 공격은 염증과 영구적인 조직 손상을 일으킵니다. 루푸스가 있는 경우에는 아플 때(발적)와 건강한 때(증상 소멸)가 있을 수 있습니다. 루푸스 발적은 경증에서 중증까지 있을 수 있으며 패턴을 따르지 않습니다. 그러나 루푸스를 가진 많은 사람들이 치료를 통해 이 질환을 관리할 수 있습니다.
What is gout? Gout is a type of arthritis that causes pain and swelling in your joints, usually as flares that last for a week or two, and then go away. Gout flares often begin in your big toe or a lower limb. Gout happens when high levels of a substance called serum urate build up in your body. When this happens, needle-shaped crystals form in and around the joint. This leads to inflammation and arthritis of the joint. However, many people with high levels of serum urate will not develop gout. With early diagnosis, treatment, and lifestyle changes, gout
What is osteonecrosis? Your bones are made up of living cells that need a blood supply to stay healthy. In osteonecrosis, blood flow to part of a bone is reduced. This causes death of bone tissue, and the bone can eventually break down and the joint will collapse. Osteonecrosis can happen to any bone, but most often it develops in the ends of long bones, such as the: Thigh bone. Upper arm bone. Less often, the bones of the elbows, ankles, feet, wrists, and hands are affected. When the disease involves part of a bone in a joint, it can
What is systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)? Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is a chronic (long-lasting) autoimmune disease that can affect many parts of the body, including the: Skin. Joints. Heart. Lungs. Kidneys. Brain. Lupus happens when the immune system, which normally helps protect the body from infection and disease, attacks its own tissues. This attack causes inflammation and, in some cases, permanent tissue damage. If you have lupus, you may have times of illness (flares) and times of wellness (remission). Lupus flares can be mild to serious, and they do not follow a pattern. However, with treatment, many people with lupus
What is Marfan syndrome? Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s ability to make healthy connective tissue, which supports the bones, muscles, organs, and tissues in your body. The condition can affect different areas of the body, including: Bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. Organs, such as the heart and lungs. Skin.
What is vitiligo? Vitiligo is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes areas of skin to lose color. When skin cells that make color are attacked and destroyed, the skin turns a milky-white color. No one knows what causes vitiligo, but it may be an autoimmune disease. In people with autoimmune diseases, the immune cells attack the body’s own healthy tissues by mistake, instead of viruses or bacteria. A person with vitiligo sometimes may have family members who also have the disease. There is no cure for vitiligo, but treatment may help skin tone appear more even.
What is psoriasis? Psoriasis is a chronic (long-lasting) disease in which the immune system works too much, causing patches of skin to become scaly and inflamed. Most often, psoriasis affects the: Scalp. Elbows. Knees. The symptoms of psoriasis can sometimes go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months followed by times when they subside (or go into remission). If you have psoriasis, you may have a higher risk of getting other serious conditions, including: Psoriatic arthritis. Heart attack or stroke. Mental health problems, such as low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.
What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting disorder that causes pain and tenderness throughout the body. It also can cause you to feel overly tired (fatigue) and have trouble sleeping. Doctors do not fully understand what causes fibromyalgia, but people with the disorder are more sensitive to pain.
What are autoinflammatory diseases? Autoinflammatory diseases refer to problems with the immune system, which usually fights off viruses, bacteria, and infection. The problem causes your immune cells to attack your body by mistake. This can cause swelling that produces fever, rash, joint swelling, or serious buildup of a blood protein in your organs.
What is pachyonychia congenita? Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a very rare genetic disorder that affects the skin and nails. Most people have thickened nails and calluses on the bottom of the feet. Painful calluses on the soles can make walking difficult. Because of the pain, some people rely on a cane, crutches, or a wheelchair to help with walking.