뼈는 우리 몸을 지지하고 우리로 하여금 움직일 수 있게 합니다. 뼈는 대뇌, 심장 및 기타 장기들을 외부 손상으로부터 보호합니다. 우리 몸의 뼈는 또한 칼슘과 인 성분과 같은 미량 원소들을 저장하여 뼈의 단단함을 유지하고 다른 용도로 인체가 필요할 때 방출합니다. 뼈의 건강과 튼튼함을 여러 가지 방법으로 유지할 수 있습니다. 칼슘과 비타민 D가 풍부한 음식을 먹고 충분한 운동을 하며 건강한 생활 습관을 지니는 것이 건강한 뼈를 유지하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 그러나 우리가 올바르게 먹지 않고 정확한 운동을 충분히 하지 않으면 우리 몸의 뼈는 오히려 약해지고 심지어 망가질 수 있습니다. 부러진 뼈(일명 골절)는 통증이 심하고 때로는 외과수술을 해야 나을 수 있습니다. 이것은 또한
What is psoriatic arthritis? Psoriatic arthritis is a condition that causes swelling and pain in joints and the places where tendons and ligaments attach to bones. Most people who develop psoriatic arthritis already have psoriasis (a skin disease), but a small number have joint pain before the skin rash.
What is osteopetrosis? Osteopetrosis is a rare disorder that causes bones to grow abnormally and become too dense. When this happens, bones can break easily. In addition, bones may be misshapen and large, causing other problems in the body, such as problems with: Seeing and hearing. Fighting infection. Controlling bleeding. Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease that a child inherits from their parents. The disorder may be mild to severe, and symptoms may show up early after birth or later in adulthood.
What is Paget’s disease? Paget’s disease of bone is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes bones to grow larger and become weaker than normal. Usually only one or a few bones have the disease. Many people with Paget’s disease do not have symptoms. However, the bone changes can cause: Bone pain. Misshapen bones. Broken bones (fractures). Problems in the joints near the bones with the disease. With treatment, many people can: Manage their symptoms. Improve pain. Control the effects of the disease.
What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle. This increases your risk of broken bones (fractures). Osteoporosis is a “silent” disease because you may not have symptoms. You may not even know you have the disease until you break a bone. Breaks can occur in any bone but happen most often in: Hip bones. Vertebrae in the spine. Wrist. You can take steps to help prevent osteoporosis and broken bones by: Doing weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or dancing, and lifting weights. Not drinking too much alcohol. Quitting smoking, or not starting if
What is osteogenesis imperfecta? Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a disease that causes your bones to break (fracture) easily. OI is also called brittle bone disease. Your symptoms may be mild or severe, depending on the type of OI you have.
What is osteonecrosis? Your bones are made up of living cells that need a blood supply to stay healthy. In osteonecrosis, blood flow to part of a bone is reduced. This causes death of bone tissue, and the bone can eventually break down and the joint will collapse. Osteonecrosis can happen to any bone, but most often it develops in the ends of long bones, such as the: Thigh bone. Upper arm bone. Less often, the bones of the elbows, ankles, feet, wrists, and hands are affected. When the disease involves part of a bone in a joint, it can
What is spinal stenosis? Spinal stenosis happens when the spaces in the spine narrow and create pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that comes out of the base of the brain and runs down the center of the spine. The nerve roots branch out from the cord. In spinal stenosis, the narrowing usually occurs over time.
What are growth plate injuries? The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines what length and shape the bone will be once it is done growing. Each long bone— the thigh bone, the bones in the forearm, and the bones in the hands and fingers—has at least two growth plates, one at each end. Once your child has finished growing, the growth plates close and are replaced by solid bone. The growth plates are weak areas of your child’s growing skeleton, making it easier to injure them. Injuries
What are autoinflammatory diseases? Autoinflammatory diseases refer to problems with the immune system, which usually fights off viruses, bacteria, and infection. The problem causes your immune cells to attack your body by mistake. This can cause swelling that produces fever, rash, joint swelling, or serious buildup of a blood protein in your organs.
What is atopic dermatitis? Atopic dermatitis, often called eczema, is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that causes the skin to become inflamed and irritated, making it extremely itchy. Scratching leads to: Redness. Swelling. Cracking. “Weeping” clear fluid. Crusting. Scaling. In most cases, there are times when the disease is worse, called flares, followed by times when the skin improves or clears up entirely, called remissions. Atopic dermatitis is a common condition, and anyone can get the disease. However, it usually begins in childhood. Atopic dermatitis cannot be spread from person to person. No one knows what causes atopic dermatitis. Depending on
아토피 피부염은 무엇인가요? 흔히 습진으로 불리는 아토피 피부염은 만성(지속성) 질환으로 피부를 극도로 가렵게 만들어 부풀게 하고 염증을 일으킵니다. 긁으면 다음과 같은 증상이 생기게 됩니다. 발적. 부기. 균열. “삼출성”의 투명한 액체. 가피(딱지). 인설. 대부분의 경우, 질환이 악화되어 발적이라고 불리는 시기와 이에 이어 피부가 개선되거나 증상이 완전히 사라지는 관해(증상 소실)라고 불리는 시기가 있습니다. 아토피 피부염은 흔한 질환으로 누구나 생길 수 있습니다. 그러나 보통, 소아기에 시작합니다. 아토피 피부염은 사람 간에는 전파되지 않습니다. 아토피 피부염을 일으키는 원인은 모릅니다. 증상이 얼마나 심한가에 따라 다르지만, 아토피 피부염과 함께 생활하는 것은 힘들 수 있습니다. 그러나 치료는 증상을 관리하는 데 도움이 될 수 있습니다.