골관절염이란 무엇인가요? 골관절염은 관절 내의 조직이 시간이 지나면서 손상될 때 생기는 관절 질환입니다. 골관절염은 가장 흔한 형태의 관절염이며 노년층에 더 흔합니다. 관절염이 있는 사람들은 보통 관절 통증이 있으며, 휴식 후에 잠시 동안 뻣뻣함(쉽게 움직일 수 없는 상태)을 느낍니다. 가장 흔히 골관절염이 생기는 관절은 다음과 같습니다. (손가락의 끝 부분과, 엄지의 맨 아래 부분과 끝 부분) 무릎. 고관절. 목. 허리 하부. 골관절염은 사람마다 다르게 영향을 미칩니다. 어떤 사람들은 일상 활동에 골관절염의 영향을 받지 않습니다. 어떤 사람들에게는, 골관절염이 심한 통증과 장애의 원인이 됩니다.
류마티스 관절염은 무엇인가요? 류마티스 관절염은 손목, 손, 발, 무릎, 척추 그리고 턱 등 관절에 주로 영향을 미치는 만성(지속성) 질환입니다. 류마티스 관절염은 다음과 같은 증상으로 이어지는 염증을 관절에 일으킵니다. 통증. 부기. 뻣뻣함. 기능 상실. 류마티스 관절염은 면역체계가 건강한 관절 조직을 공격하기 때문에 자가면역질환입니다. 보통, 면역체계는 감염과 질환으로부터 인체를 보호하는 데 도움을 줍니다. 류마티스 관절염은 평소와 달리 피로감을 느끼고, 이따금 열이 나며, 식욕을 상실하는 원인이 될 수 있습니다. 또한 심장, 폐, 혈액, 신경, 눈 그리고 피부에 다른 의학적 문제를 일으킬 수 있습니다. 치료를 통해 이 질환을 가진 사람들은 생산적인 생활을 영위하는 데 도움을 받을 수 있습니다.
What is psoriatic arthritis? Psoriatic arthritis is a condition that causes swelling and pain in joints and the places where tendons and ligaments attach to bones. Most people who develop psoriatic arthritis already have psoriasis (a skin disease), but a small number have joint pain before the skin rash.
What is alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is a disease that causes hair loss. In alopecia areata, the immune system attacks the structures in skin that form hair (hair follicles). Alopecia areata usually affects the head and face, though hair can be lost from any part of the body. Hair typically falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter. In some cases, hair loss is more extensive.
What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that happens when the tissues in the joint break down over time. It is the most common type of arthritis and is more common in older people. People with osteoarthritis usually have joint pain and, after rest, stiffness (inability to move easily) for a short period of time. The most commonly affected joints include the: Hands (ends of the fingers and at the base and ends of the thumbs). Knees. Hips. Neck. Lower back. Osteoarthritis affects each person differently. For some people, osteoarthritis does not affect day-to-day activities. For others, it causes
What is spinal stenosis? Spinal stenosis happens when the spaces in the spine narrow and create pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that comes out of the base of the brain and runs down the center of the spine. The nerve roots branch out from the cord. In spinal stenosis, the narrowing usually occurs over time.
What is pemphigus? Pemphigus is a rare disease that causes blistering on many parts of the body, including the skin and the inside of the mouth, nose, throat, eyes, and genitals. In pemphigus, the immune system mistakenly attacks cells in the top layer of the skin.
What are growth plate injuries? The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines what length and shape the bone will be once it is done growing. Each long bone— the thigh bone, the bones in the forearm, and the bones in the hands and fingers—has at least two growth plates, one at each end. Once your child has finished growing, the growth plates close and are replaced by solid bone. The growth plates are weak areas of your child’s growing skeleton, making it easier to injure them. Injuries
What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that mostly affects joints, such as the wrist, hands, feet, spine, knees, and jaw. In joints, RA causes inflammation that leads to: Pain. Swelling Stiffness. Loss of function. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder because the immune system attacks the healthy joint tissues. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body from infection and disease. RA may cause you to feel unusually tired, to have occasional fevers, and to have a loss of appetite. It also may cause other medical problems in the heart, lungs, blood, nerves, eyes
What are polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis? Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are closely linked inflammatory disorders. Some people have one of the disorders while others develop both of them. Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, upper arms, hip area, and sometimes the neck. Giant cell arteritis causes inflammation of arteries, especially those on each side of the head, scalp, and the aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the heart) and its main branches. The main symptoms of this disorder are: Headaches. Scalp tenderness. Jaw pain. Problems with your eyes, which may
What is arthritis? "Arthritis" literally means joint inflammation. Although joint inflammation is a symptom or sign rather than a specific diagnosis, the term arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. There are different types of arthritis. In some diseases in which arthritis occurs, other organs, such as your eyes, heart, or skin, can also be affected. Fortunately, current treatments allow most people with arthritis to lead active and productive lives.