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골관절염이 (Osteoarthritis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/osteoarthritis

골관절염이란 무엇인가요? 골관절염은 관절 내의 조직이 시간이 지나면서 손상될 때 생기는 관절 질환입니다. 골관절염은 가장 흔한 형태의 관절염이며 노년층에 더 흔합니다. 관절염이 있는 사람들은 보통 관절 통증이 있으며, 휴식 후에 잠시 동안 뻣뻣함(쉽게 움직일 수 없는 상태)을 느낍니다. 가장 흔히 골관절염이 생기는 관절은 다음과 같습니다. (손가락의 끝 부분과, 엄지의 맨 아래 부분과 끝 부분) 무릎. 고관절. 목. 허리 하부. 골관절염은 사람마다 다르게 영향을 미칩니다. 어떤 사람들은 일상 활동에 골관절염의 영향을 받지 않습니다. 어떤 사람들에게는, 골관절염이 심한 통증과 장애의 원인이 됩니다.

건강 토픽: 류마티스 관절염 (Rheumatoid Arthritis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rheumatoid-arthritis

류마티스 관절염은 무엇인가요? 류마티스 관절염은 손목, 손, 발, 무릎, 척추 그리고 턱 등 관절에 주로 영향을 미치는 만성(지속성) 질환입니다. 류마티스 관절염은 다음과 같은 증상으로 이어지는 염증을 관절에 일으킵니다. 통증. 부기. 뻣뻣함. 기능 상실. 류마티스 관절염은 면역체계가 건강한 관절 조직을 공격하기 때문에 자가면역질환입니다. 보통, 면역체계는 감염과 질환으로부터 인체를 보호하는 데 도움을 줍니다. 류마티스 관절염은 평소와 달리 피로감을 느끼고, 이따금 열이 나며, 식욕을 상실하는 원인이 될 수 있습니다. 또한 심장, 폐, 혈액, 신경, 눈 그리고 피부에 다른 의학적 문제를 일으킬 수 있습니다. 치료를 통해 이 질환을 가진 사람들은 생산적인 생활을 영위하는 데 도움을 받을 수 있습니다.

Fibromyalgia

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/fibromyalgia

What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting disorder that causes pain and tenderness throughout the body. It also can cause you to feel overly tired (fatigue) and have trouble sleeping. Doctors do not fully understand what causes fibromyalgia, but people with the disorder are more sensitive to pain.

Osteoarthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/osteoarthritis

What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that happens when the tissues in the joint break down over time. It is the most common type of arthritis and is more common in older people. People with osteoarthritis usually have joint pain and, after rest, stiffness (inability to move easily) for a short period of time. The most commonly affected joints include the: Hands (ends of the fingers and at the base and ends of the thumbs). Knees. Hips. Neck. Lower back. Osteoarthritis affects each person differently. For some people, osteoarthritis does not affect day-to-day activities. For others, it causes

Osteonecrosis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/osteonecrosis

What is osteonecrosis? Your bones are made up of living cells that need a blood supply to stay healthy. In osteonecrosis, blood flow to part of a bone is reduced. This causes death of bone tissue, and the bone can eventually break down and the joint will collapse. Osteonecrosis can happen to any bone, but most often it develops in the ends of long bones, such as the: Thigh bone. Upper arm bone. Less often, the bones of the elbows, ankles, feet, wrists, and hands are affected. When the disease involves part of a bone in a joint, it can

Rheumatoid Arthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rheumatoid-arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that mostly affects joints, such as the wrist, hands, feet, spine, knees, and jaw. In joints, RA causes inflammation that leads to: Pain. Swelling Stiffness. Loss of function. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder because the immune system attacks the healthy joint tissues. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body from infection and disease. RA may cause you to feel unusually tired, to have occasional fevers, and to have a loss of appetite. It also may cause other medical problems in the heart, lungs, blood, nerves, eyes

Ankylosing Spondylitis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/ankylosing-spondylitis

What is ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in certain parts of the spine. Over time, this inflammation in the joints and tissues of the spine can cause stiffness. In severe cases, this may cause the bones in the spine to grow together, which can lead to a rigid spine that is difficult to bend. Many people with ankylosing spondylitis have mild episodes of back pain and stiffness that come and go. But others have severe, ongoing back pain and stiffness. Other symptoms also may develop if other areas of the body are affected

Pachyonychia Congenita

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/pachyonychia-congenita

What is pachyonychia congenita? Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a very rare genetic disorder that affects the skin and nails. Most people have thickened nails and calluses on the bottom of the feet. Painful calluses on the soles can make walking difficult. Because of the pain, some people rely on a cane, crutches, or a wheelchair to help with walking.

Arthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/arthritis

What is arthritis? "Arthritis" literally means joint inflammation. Although joint inflammation is a symptom or sign rather than a specific diagnosis, the term arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. There are different types of arthritis. In some diseases in which arthritis occurs, other organs, such as your eyes, heart, or skin, can also be affected. Fortunately, current treatments allow most people with arthritis to lead active and productive lives.