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Displaying 1 - 17 of 17 results

Pénfigo

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/pemphigus

¿Qué es el pénfigo? El pénfigo es una enfermedad poco frecuente que causa ampollas en muchas partes del cuerpo, incluida la piel y el interior de la boca, la nariz, la garganta, los ojos y los genitales. En el pénfigo, el sistema inmunitario ataca por error las células de la capa superior de la piel.

Ictiosis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/ichthyosis

¿Qué es la ictiosis? La ictiosis es un conjunto de trastornos de la piel que ocasionan piel seca que pica y parece escamosa, áspera y roja. Los síntomas pueden variar desde leves a graves. Por lo general, la ictiosis solo afecta la piel, pero a veces también puede afectar los órganos internos.

Artritis reactiva

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/reactive-arthritis

¿Qué es la artritis reactiva? La artritis reactiva es un tipo de artritis que ocurre cuando una infección causa dolor e hinchazón en las articulaciones. Por lo general, es una infección bacteriana en las vías urinarias, el aparato digestivo o los genitales la que desencadena la afección, aunque los síntomas de la artritis con frecuencia no comienzan sino hasta unas semanas después de que se haya recuperado de la infección. Las características más frecuentes de la artritis reactiva son inflamación de las articulaciones (especialmente las rodillas y los tobillos), los ojos y las vías urinarias, pero no a todas las

Polimialgia reumática y arteritis de células gigantes

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/polymyalgia-rheumatica-giant-cell-arteritis

¿Qué son la polimialgia reumática y la arteritis de células gigantes? La polimialgia reumática y la arteritis de células gigantes son trastornos inflamatorios estrechamente relacionados. Algunas personas tienen uno de los trastornos, mientras que otras desarrollan ambos. La polimialgia reumática causa dolor muscular y rigidez en los hombros, la parte superior de los brazos, el área de la cadera y, a veces, en el cuello. La arteritis de células gigantes provoca inflamación de las arterias, especialmente las que se encuentran a cada lado de la cabeza, el cuero cabelludo y la aorta (la arteria grande que transporta la sangre desde

Lesiones en las placas de crecimiento

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/growth-plate-injuries

¿Qué son las lesiones en las placas de crecimiento? Las placas de crecimiento son las áreas de tejidos cerca de los extremos de los huesos largos en los niños y los adolescentes que determinan qué longitud y forma tendrá el hueso una vez que ha terminado de crecer. Cada uno de los huesos largos (los huesos de los muslos, los antebrazos, las manos y los dedos) tiene al menos dos placas de crecimiento, una en cada extremo. Una vez que su hijo haya terminado de crecer, las placas de crecimiento se cierran y son reemplazadas por hueso sólido. Debido a

Vitíligo

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/vitiligo

¿Qué es el vitíligo? El vitíligo es un trastorno crónico (de larga duración) que hace que algunas áreas de la piel pierdan su color natural. Cuando se atacan y se destruyen las células que producen la pigmentación o color de la piel, esta adquiere un aspecto blanco lechoso. Nadie sabe qué causa el vitíligo, pero puede ser una enfermedad autoinmunitaria. En las personas con enfermedades autoinmunitarias, las células inmunitarias atacan por error los tejidos sanos del cuerpo, en lugar de atacar los virus o las bacterias. A veces, una persona con vitíligo puede tener familiares que también tienen la enfermedad

Growth Plate Injuries

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/growth-plate-injuries

What are growth plate injuries? The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines what length and shape the bone will be once it is done growing. Each long bone— the thigh bone, the bones in the forearm, and the bones in the hands and fingers—has at least two growth plates, one at each end. Once your child has finished growing, the growth plates close and are replaced by solid bone. The growth plates are weak areas of your child’s growing skeleton, making it easier to injure them. Injuries

Ichthyosis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/ichthyosis

What is ichthyosis? Ichthyosis is a group of skin disorders. It leads to dry, itchy skin that appears scaly, rough, and red. The symptoms can range from mild to severe. Ichthyosis can affect only the skin, but sometimes the disease can affect internal organs, too.

Reactive Arthritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/reactive-arthritis

What is reactive arthritis? Reactive arthritis happens when an infection causes joint pain and swelling. A bacterial infection in the digestive or urinary tract or the genitals usually triggers the condition, but arthritis symptoms typically do not start until a few weeks after you have recovered from the infection. The most common features of reactive arthritis are inflammation of the joints (especially the knees and ankles), eyes, and urinary tract, but not everyone gets all three, or they might not happen at the same time.

Pemphigus

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/pemphigus

What is pemphigus? Pemphigus is a rare disease that causes blistering on many parts of the body, including the skin and the inside of the mouth, nose, throat, eyes, and genitals. In pemphigus, the immune system mistakenly attacks cells in the top layer of the skin.

Vitiligo

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/vitiligo

What is vitiligo? Vitiligo is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes areas of skin to lose color. When skin cells that make color are attacked and destroyed, the skin turns a milky-white color. No one knows what causes vitiligo, but it may be an autoimmune disease. In people with autoimmune diseases, the immune cells attack the body’s own healthy tissues by mistake, instead of viruses or bacteria. A person with vitiligo sometimes may have family members who also have the disease. There is no cure for vitiligo, but treatment may help skin tone appear more even.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/polymyalgia-rheumatica-giant-cell-arteritis

What are polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis? Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are closely linked inflammatory disorders. Some people have one of the disorders while others develop both of them. Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, upper arms, hip area, and sometimes the neck. Giant cell arteritis causes inflammation of arteries, especially those on each side of the head, scalp, and the aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the heart) and its main branches. The main symptoms of this disorder are: Headaches. Scalp tenderness. Jaw pain. Problems with your eyes, which may

Atopic Dermatitis

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/atopic-dermatitis

What is atopic dermatitis? Atopic dermatitis, often called eczema, is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that causes the skin to become inflamed and irritated, making it extremely itchy. Scratching leads to: Redness. Swelling. Cracking. “Weeping” clear fluid. Crusting. Scaling. In most cases, there are times when the disease is worse, called flares, followed by times when the skin improves or clears up entirely, called remissions. Atopic dermatitis is a common condition, and anyone can get the disease. However, it usually begins in childhood. Atopic dermatitis cannot be spread from person to person. No one knows what causes atopic dermatitis. Depending on

異位性皮膚炎健康主題 (Atopic Dermatitis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/atopic-dermatitis

何謂異位性皮膚炎? 異位性皮膚炎通常稱為濕疹。這是一種慢性(長期)疾病,造成皮膚炎症和刺激症狀,導致極度瘙癢。抓撓會引起: 發紅。 腫脹。 皸裂。 滲出透明液體。 結痂。 脫皮。 在大多數情況下,有時病情惡化(稱為急性發作),然後皮膚情況有所改善或症狀完全消失(稱為緩解)。 異位性皮膚炎是一種常見病症,任何人都可能患上。但異位性皮膚炎通常是在兒童期開始出現。異位性皮膚炎不會從一個人傳給另一個人。沒有人知道異位性皮膚炎的病因是什麼。根據症狀的嚴重程度,異位性皮膚炎患者的生活可能並不容易,但治療可幫助控制症狀。

건강 토픽: 아토피 피부염 (Atopic Dermatitis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/atopic-dermatitis

아토피 피부염은 무엇인가요? 흔히 습진으로 불리는 아토피 피부염은 만성(지속성) 질환으로 피부를 극도로 가렵게 만들어 부풀게 하고 염증을 일으킵니다. 긁으면 다음과 같은 증상이 생기게 됩니다. 발적. 부기. 균열. “삼출성”의 투명한 액체. 가피(딱지). 인설. 대부분의 경우, 질환이 악화되어 발적이라고 불리는 시기와 이에 이어 피부가 개선되거나 증상이 완전히 사라지는 관해(증상 소실)라고 불리는 시기가 있습니다. 아토피 피부염은 흔한 질환으로 누구나 생길 수 있습니다. 그러나 보통, 소아기에 시작합니다. 아토피 피부염은 사람 간에는 전파되지 않습니다. 아토피 피부염을 일으키는 원인은 모릅니다. 증상이 얼마나 심한가에 따라 다르지만, 아토피 피부염과 함께 생활하는 것은 힘들 수 있습니다. 그러나 치료는 증상을 관리하는 데 도움이 될 수 있습니다.

Viêm Da Dị Ứng (Atopic Dermatitis)

https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/atopic-dermatitis

Viêm da cơ địa là gì? Viêm da cơ địa, thường được gọi là bệnh chàm, là bệnh mạn tính (kéo dài) khiến da trở nên bị sưng tấy và rát, khiến quý vị thấy rất ngứa. Việc gãi ngứa có thể dẫn đến: Ửng đỏ. Sưng. Nứt rạn. “Chảy” chất lỏng trong suốt. Đóng vảy. Tróc vảy. Trong hầu hết các trường hợp, có những thời điểm bệnh trở nên trầm trọng hơn, được gọi là cơn phát bệnh, theo sau đó là những lần da dần cải thiện và mất dấu vết viêm da cơ địa hoàn toàn