요통은 무엇인가요? 요통은 미국에서 가장 흔한 의학적 문제 중의 하나입니다. 요통은 지속적인 둔통 또는 갑작스러운 예리한 통증처럼 느껴질 수 있습니다. 요통은 다음과 같은 것들의 결과일 수 있습니다. 사고. 낙상. 무거운 것을 들어올리기. 나이가 들어 감에 따라 척추에 일어나는 변화. 장애 또는 질병. 치료는 통증의 원인과 증상에 달려 있습니다. 귀하는 자신의 건강을 개선하고 만성(지속성) 요통이 생길 가능성을 낮추기 위한 일들을 하실 수 있습니다.
통풍이란 무엇인가요? 통풍은 관절에 통증과 부종을 일으키는 일종의 관절염이며 보통, 1주 또는 2주 동안 지속하다가 사라지는 발작입니다. 통풍 발작은 흔히 엄지발가락이나 하지에서 시작합니다. 통풍은 혈청 요산염으로 불리는 높은 수치의 물질이 몸안에 축적될 때 일어납니다. 이런 일이 일어나면 바늘 모양의 결정체들이 관절 내부와 주위에 형성됩니다. 이것은 관절의 염증과 관절염을 초래합니다. 그러나 혈청 요산염 수치가 높은 대부분 사람들은 통풍이 생기지 않습니다. 조기 진단, 치료, 그리고 생활양식의 변화를 통해, 통풍은 가장 관리가 가능한 형태의 관절염 중 하나입니다.
뼈는 우리 몸을 지지하고 우리로 하여금 움직일 수 있게 합니다. 뼈는 대뇌, 심장 및 기타 장기들을 외부 손상으로부터 보호합니다. 우리 몸의 뼈는 또한 칼슘과 인 성분과 같은 미량 원소들을 저장하여 뼈의 단단함을 유지하고 다른 용도로 인체가 필요할 때 방출합니다. 뼈의 건강과 튼튼함을 여러 가지 방법으로 유지할 수 있습니다. 칼슘과 비타민 D가 풍부한 음식을 먹고 충분한 운동을 하며 건강한 생활 습관을 지니는 것이 건강한 뼈를 유지하는 데 도움이 됩니다. 그러나 우리가 올바르게 먹지 않고 정확한 운동을 충분히 하지 않으면 우리 몸의 뼈는 오히려 약해지고 심지어 망가질 수 있습니다. 부러진 뼈(일명 골절)는 통증이 심하고 때로는 외과수술을 해야 나을 수 있습니다. 이것은 또한
What is ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes inflammation in certain parts of the spine. Over time, this inflammation in the joints and tissues of the spine can cause stiffness. In severe cases, this may cause the bones in the spine to grow together, which can lead to a rigid spine that is difficult to bend. Many people with ankylosing spondylitis have mild episodes of back pain and stiffness that come and go. But others have severe, ongoing back pain and stiffness. Other symptoms also may develop if other areas of the body are affected
What are growth plate injuries? The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines what length and shape the bone will be once it is done growing. Each long bone— the thigh bone, the bones in the forearm, and the bones in the hands and fingers—has at least two growth plates, one at each end. Once your child has finished growing, the growth plates close and are replaced by solid bone. The growth plates are weak areas of your child’s growing skeleton, making it easier to injure them. Injuries
What is Paget’s disease? Paget’s disease of bone is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes bones to grow larger and become weaker than normal. Usually only one or a few bones have the disease. Many people with Paget’s disease do not have symptoms. However, the bone changes can cause: Bone pain. Misshapen bones. Broken bones (fractures). Problems in the joints near the bones with the disease. With treatment, many people can: Manage their symptoms. Improve pain. Control the effects of the disease.
What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle. This increases your risk of broken bones (fractures). Osteoporosis is a “silent” disease because you may not have symptoms. You may not even know you have the disease until you break a bone. Breaks can occur in any bone but happen most often in: Hip bones. Vertebrae in the spine. Wrist. You can take steps to help prevent osteoporosis and broken bones by: Doing weight-bearing exercises, such as walking or dancing, and lifting weights. Not drinking too much alcohol. Quitting smoking, or not starting if
What is back pain? Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. It might feel like a dull, constant ache or a sudden, sharp pain. Back pain can result from: An accident. A fall. Lifting something heavy. Changes that happen in the spine as you age. A disorder or medical condition. Treatment depends on the cause and symptoms of your pain. You can do things to improve your health and lower your chance of developing chronic (long-lasting) back pain.
What is scleroderma? Scleroderma is an autoimmune connective tissue and rheumatic disease that causes inflammation in the skin and other areas of the body. This inflammation leads to patches of tight, hard skin. Scleroderma involves many systems in your body. A connective tissue disease is one that affects tissues such as skin, tendons, and cartilage. There are two major types of scleroderma: Localized scleroderma only affects the skin and the structures directly under the skin. Systemic scleroderma, also called systemic sclerosis, affects many systems in the body. This is the more serious type of scleroderma and can damage your blood
What is gout? Gout is a type of arthritis that causes pain and swelling in your joints, usually as flares that last for a week or two, and then go away. Gout flares often begin in your big toe or a lower limb. Gout happens when high levels of a substance called serum urate build up in your body. When this happens, needle-shaped crystals form in and around the joint. This leads to inflammation and arthritis of the joint. However, many people with high levels of serum urate will not develop gout. With early diagnosis, treatment, and lifestyle changes, gout
What is ichthyosis? Ichthyosis is a group of skin disorders. It leads to dry, itchy skin that appears scaly, rough, and red. The symptoms can range from mild to severe. Ichthyosis can affect only the skin, but sometimes the disease can affect internal organs, too.
What is psoriatic arthritis? Psoriatic arthritis is a condition that causes swelling and pain in joints and the places where tendons and ligaments attach to bones. Most people who develop psoriatic arthritis already have psoriasis (a skin disease), but a small number have joint pain before the skin rash.
What is osteopetrosis? Osteopetrosis is a rare disorder that causes bones to grow abnormally and become too dense. When this happens, bones can break easily. In addition, bones may be misshapen and large, causing other problems in the body, such as problems with: Seeing and hearing. Fighting infection. Controlling bleeding. Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease that a child inherits from their parents. The disorder may be mild to severe, and symptoms may show up early after birth or later in adulthood.