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Study Description

Pegloticase is highly efficacious therapy for chronic refractory gout patients. It decreases serum urate (sUA) levels to often undetectable levels and reduces tophi burden. However, its long- term real-world effectiveness is severely limited due to its immunogenicity caused by anti-pegloticase antibody formation. This study investigates the preliminary efficacy and safety of using immune modulating therapy with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to prevent immunogenicity conferred by pegloticase. 

The primary aims of this trial are to 1) determine if a 12-week course of immune modulating therapy with daily MMF can safely and significantly attenuate immunogenicity to pegloticase as determined by the proportion of participants achieving and maintaining an sUA less than or equal to 6 mg/dL through 12 weeks, compared to concurrent controls, and 2) to assess the incidence and types of adverse events and infusion reaction.

The secondary aims are to: 1) Determine the 6 month durability of immune modulation after discontinuation of the short course of MMF by: a) assessing the absolute change in sUA from baseline to Week 24, and Week 12 to Week 24 and b) determining the proportion of participants with sUA ≤ 6 mg/dL through 24 weeks, and Week 12 to Week 24; 2) Identify and characterize the pegloticase immune response by immunoglobulin isotypes (IgG and IgM), specificities, and antibody titer; and 3) Examine patient reported outcomes (PROs) using the NIH supported Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) and Gout Impact Scale (GIS) instruments.


Ages Eligible for Study:           18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)

Sexes Eligible for Study:          All

Accepts Healthy Volunteers:  No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women > 18 years of age
  • Diagnosed with chronic refractory gout, defined as persons whose signs and symptoms are inadequately controlled with urate lowering therapy (e.g. xanthine oxidase inhibitors or uricosuric agents) at a medically appropriate dose or for whom these drugs are contraindicated.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious acute bacterial infection (2 weeks prior to Visit 1), unless treated and completely resolved with antibiotics
  • Severe chronic or recurrent bacterial infections (such as recurrent pneumonia, chronic bronchiectasis)
  • Current immunocompromised condition, including current or chronic treatment with immunosuppressive agents
  • Subjects at risk for tuberculosis. Specifically, subjects with: i) current clinical, radiographic or laboratory evidence of active or latent TB; ii) a history of active TB within the last 3 years even if it was treated; iii) a history of active TB greater than 3 years ago unless there is documentation that the prior anti-TB treatment was appropriate in duration and type
  • Known Hepatitis B surface antigen-positive or Hepatitis B DNA positive subjects
  • Known Hepatitis C RNA-positive subjects
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
  • G6PD deficiency (tested at Screening Visit 1)
  • Severe chronic renal impairment (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <25 mL/min/1.73 m2) or currently on dialysis
  • Subjects having any transplant surgery requiring maintenance immunosuppressive therapy
  • Non-compensated congestive heart failure, uncontrolled arrhythmia, treatment for acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina), or hospitalization for congestive heart failure within 3 months of screening or uncontrolled blood pressure (>160/100 mm Hg) at baseline (Screening Visit 1 and Week 0/Baseline visits)
  • Participants who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, breastfeeding, or not on an effective form of birth control (defined in Study Protocol section 7.1)
  • Prior treatment with pegloticase, another recombinant uricase, or concomitant therapy with a polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated drug
  • Known allergy to pegylated products or history of anaphylactic reaction to a recombinant protein or porcine product
  • Subjects in whom MMF treatment is contraindicated or considered inappropriate
  • Recipient of an investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to study drug administration or plans to take an investigational agent during the study
  • Current liver disease as determined by alanine transaminase ALT or aspartate transaminase (AST) levels >3 times upper limit of normal
  • Currently receiving treatment for ongoing cancer, excluding non-melanoma skin cancer
  • History of malignancy within 5 years other than skin cancer or in situ carcinoma of cervix
  • Uncontrolled hyperglycemia with a plasma glucose value >240 mg/dL at screening
  • Diagnosed osteomyelitis
  • Individuals with hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HGPRT) deficiency such as Lesch-Nyhan and Kelley-Seegmiller syndrome
  • Not good candidate for the study based on opinion of the Investigator (e.g., cognitive impairment) that might create undue risk to the participant or interfere with the participant's ability to comply with the protocol requirements, or to complete the study

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Study Location(s):

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294

Study Website:

Last Updated: August 2022